"Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge."- Plato
"If the United States wants to attract Chinese investors, it had better improve accounting standards. That sounds like the beginning of a joke, but it’s not. There have been isolated cases of accounting fraud in Chinese companies listed on US exchanges, but there appears to be systematic distortion of US corporate profits across the board. The issue is depreciation of plant and equipment. This is another reason we don’t like US stocks at present valuations.
Before-tax earnings of US companies in the GDP accounts are reported two ways: with Inventory Valuation Adjustment (IVA) and Capital Consumption Allowance, and without. The two measures have diverged by about 25%, or US$500 bn, since 2012. That’s a big divergence. The stricter measure (based on the Commerce Department’s depreciation model) shows that Q4 corporate profits in 2015 were lower than in Q4 2011; the looser measure shows substantial growth. Note that the S&P 500’s earnings per share track the higher, not the lower number."
"When growth is slower-than-expected, stocks go down. When inflation is higher-than-expected, bonds go down. When inflation is lower-than-expected, bonds go up." - Ray Dalio